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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 1325: Blockade of β2-Adrenergic Receptor Reduces Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

25 january 2022 08:57:25

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 1325: Blockade of β2-Adrenergic Receptor Reduces Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is a rare inherited cancer disease where the lack of VHL protein triggers the development of multisystemic tumors such us retinal hemangioblastomas (HBs), CNS-HBs, and clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Since standard therapies in VHL have shown limited response, leaving surgery as the only possible treatment, targeting of the β2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) has shown therapeutic antitumor benefits on VHL-retinal HBs (clinical trial), VHL-CNS HBs, and VHL-ccRCC (in vitro and in vivo). In the present study, we wanted to look deep into the effects of the ADRB2 blockers propranolol and ICI-118,551 on two main aspects of cancer progression: (i) the changes on the inflammatory response of ccRCC cells; and (ii) the modulation on the Warburg effect (glycolytic metabolism), concretely, on the expression of genes involved in the cell reactive oxygen species (ROS) balance and levels. Accordingly, in vitro studies with primary VHL-ccRCC and 786-O cells measuring ROS levels, ROS-expression of detoxifying enzymes, and the expression of p65/NF-κB targets by RT-PCR were carried out. Furthermore, histological analyses of ccRCC samples from heterotopic mouse xenografts were performed. The obtained results show that ADRB2 blockade in ccRCC cells reduces the level of oxidative stress and stabilizes the inflammatory response. Thus, these data further support the idea of targeting ADRB2 as a promising strategy for the treatment of VHL and other non-VHL tumors.


 
71 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 1326: Improving Protein Quantity and Quality—The Next Level of Plant Molecular Farming (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 1327: Comparative Analysis of Type 1 and Type Z Protein Phosphatases Reveals D615 as a Key Residue for Ppz1 Regulation (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
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