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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 27, Pages 771: Alpha-Linolenic Acid Mediates Diverse Drought Responses in Maize (Zea mays L.) at Seedling and Flowering Stages (Molecules)


25 january 2022 10:19:24

Molecules, Vol. 27, Pages 771: Alpha-Linolenic Acid Mediates Diverse Drought Responses in Maize (Zea mays L.) at Seedling and Flowering Stages (Molecules)

Water shortage caused by long-term drought is one of the most serious abiotic stress factors in maize. Different drought conditions lead to differences in growth, development, and metabolism of maize. In previous studies, proteomics and genomics methods have been widely used to explain the response mechanism of maize to long-term drought, but there are only a few articles related to metabolomics. In this study, we used transcriptome and metabolomics analysis to characterize the differential effects of drought stress imposed at seedling or flowering stages on maize. Through the association analysis of genes and metabolites, we found that maize leaves had 61 and 54 enriched pathways under seedling drought and flowering drought, respectively, of which 13 and 11 were significant key pathways, mostly related to the biosynthesis of flavonoids and phenylpropanes, glutathione metabolism and purine metabolism. Interestingly, we found that the α-linolenic acid metabolic pathway differed significantly between the two treatments, and a total of 10 differentially expressed genes and five differentially abundant metabolites have been identified in this pathway. Some differential accumulation of metabolites (DAMs) was related to synthesis of jasmonic acid, which may be one of the key pathways underpinning maize response to different types of long-term drought. In general, metabolomics provides a new method for the study of water stress in maize and lays a theoretical foundation for drought-resistant cultivation of silage maize.

68 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
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