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RSS FeedsRemote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 2455: Identifying High Stranding Risk Areas of the Yangtze Finless Porpoise via Remote Sensing and Hydrodynamic Modeling (Remote Sensing)

 
 

20 may 2022 11:38:48

 
Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 2455: Identifying High Stranding Risk Areas of the Yangtze Finless Porpoise via Remote Sensing and Hydrodynamic Modeling (Remote Sensing)
 


Freshwater cetaceans that inhabit river basins with seasonally changing hydrological regimes have a higher risk of stranding, leading to increased mortality and population decline. In Poyang Lake, the stranding risk of the critically endangered Yangtze finless porpoise are high, due to the significant differences in hydrological and landscape conditions between the flood and dry seasons. However, this stranding information is not well recorded, resulting in poorly guided investigation and rescue efforts. We here employ remote sensing and hydrodynamic modeling to obtain four evaluation indicators in dry, normal, and flood scenarios in Poyang Lake. Results show that nearly 50% of the largest habitat range of the porpoises in the flood season will be land areas during the dry season, and that landscape fragmentation between land and water has increased over the past three decades. In all scenarios, the mean water depth of the habitat varied from 1.77 to 4.89 m from September–February. In the dry scenario, about 59% of the habitat experiences a water depth of <1 m within 15 days. The high stranding risk area is 284.54 km2 in the dry scenario, >251.04 km2 in the normal scenario, and >90.12 km2 in the flood scenario. High-stranding risk areas are located within city boundaries, where porpoise stranding cases have been recorded, especially in Duchang, which has the most high-risk areas in all scenarios. In all scenarios, the high stranding risk area has an average bathymetry of 7.81 m and an average water depth between 1.75 and 5.54 m. Our results can guide future investigations to establish sound stranding networks, and the methods proposed here are also applicable to studies of other freshwater cetaceans facing severe stranding risk.


 
61 viewsCategory: Geology, Physics
 
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