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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 6292: Spatio-Temporal Characteristics of PM2.5 Concentrations in China Based on Multiple Sources of Data and LUR-GBM during 2016–2021 (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

22 may 2022 11:40:26

 
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 6292: Spatio-Temporal Characteristics of PM2.5 Concentrations in China Based on Multiple Sources of Data and LUR-GBM during 2016–2021 (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has a continuing impact on the environment, climate change and human health. In order to improve the accuracy of PM2.5 estimation and obtain a continuous spatial distribution of PM2.5 concentration, this paper proposes a LUR-GBM model based on land-use regression (LUR), the Kriging method and LightGBM (light gradient boosting machine). Firstly, this study modelled the spatial distribution of PM2.5 in the Chinese region by obtaining PM2.5 concentration data from monitoring stations in the Chinese study region and established a PM2.5 mass concentration estimation method based on the LUR-GBM model by combining data on land use type, meteorology, topography, vegetation index, population density, traffic and pollution sources. Secondly, the performance of the LUR-GBM model was evaluated by a ten-fold cross-validation method based on samples, stations and time. Finally, the results of the model proposed in this paper are compared with those of the back propagation neural network (BPNN), deep neural network (DNN), random forest (RF), XGBoost and LightGBM models. The results show that the prediction accuracy of the LUR-GBM model is better than other models, with the R2 of the model reaching 0.964 (spring), 0.91 (summer), 0.967 (autumn), 0.98 (winter) and 0.976 (average for 2016–2021) for each season and annual average, respectively. It can be seen that the LUR-GBM model has good applicability in simulating the spatial distribution of PM2.5 concentrations in China. The spatial distribution of PM2.5 concentrations in the Chinese region shows a clear characteristic of high in the east and low in the west, and the spatial distribution is strongly influenced by topographical factors. The seasonal variation in mean concentration values is marked by low summer and high winter values. The results of this study can provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of regional PM2.5 pollution in China and can also provide new ideas for the acquisition of data on the spatial distribution of PM2.5 concentrations within cities.


 
101 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 6287: Effect of Working from Home on the Association between Job Demands and Psychological Distress (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 6291: Penetration and Adaptation of the Highly Viscous Zinc-Reinforced Glass Ionomer Cement on Contaminated Fissures: An In Vitro Study with SEM Analysis (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 
 
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