Energies, Vol. 15, Pages 3813: Reservoir Interpretation of Intrusive Rock Buried-Hill with Mud-Logging Data while Drilling—Taking the Y Area in the Qiongdongnan Basin of the South China Sea as an Example (Energies)
The intrusive rock buried-hill reservoir is one of the main targets for oil and gas exploration in the offshore sedimentary basins of China. In order to discover the reservoir as early as possible for decision-making to save costs, reservoir interpretation with mud-logging data needs to be studied. Previous studies have showed that the homogeneity rocks reservoir can be well interpreted with mud-logging data u the Kb (mechanical specific energy ratio) method and the WL (tangential power)-WH (vertical power) intersection method. However, reservoir interpretation with mud-logging data for intrusive rock buried-hill has not been reported. The key steps or parameters of these two kinds of methods used for reservoir interpretation need to be modified for the vertical variation of intrusive rock buried-hill. Furthermore, confirming the interpretation of these two kinds of methods has not been reported. Taking the Y area in the Qiongdongnan Basin of the South China Sea as an example, the intrusive rock buried-hill can be divided into four zones based on its characteristics and genesis in descending order: the sand–gravel weathering zone, the weathering fracture zone, the inner fracture zone, and the base rock zone. The reservoir can be well interpreted when taking the MSE (mechanical specific energy) geometrical mean of the base rock zone as a basic value to calculate Kb. The reservoir will also be well interpreted when WH ranges from 0 to 4.5 MPa and WL ranges from 0 to 99 MPa in the column while intersecting. The layers of the reservoir can be interpreted as Kb < 1 in the sand–gravel weathering zone and the weathering fracture zone. The Kb < 1 and effective intersection of WL-WH layers at the same time could be interpreted as a reservoir in the inner fracture zone and the base rock zone. After combining the Kb method with the WL-WH intersection method, the reservoir of intrusive rock buried-hill can be well interpreted. The total thickness of the uninterpretable reservoir ratio is less than 20% compared to reservoir interpretation with well-logging for each well.