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RSS FeedsEnergies, Vol. 15, Pages 3818: Effect of Volcanic Events on Hydrocarbon Generation of Lacustrine Organic-Rich Shale: An Example of the Upper Triassic Galedesi Formation in the Hala Lake Depression, South Qilian Basin, China (Energies)

 
 

22 may 2022 13:39:32

 
Energies, Vol. 15, Pages 3818: Effect of Volcanic Events on Hydrocarbon Generation of Lacustrine Organic-Rich Shale: An Example of the Upper Triassic Galedesi Formation in the Hala Lake Depression, South Qilian Basin, China (Energies)
 


The thermal evolution process of organic matter is associated with the complete hydrocarbon generation and expulsion process in shale, however, the thermal evolution of organic matter is a long process and cannot be realized without experimental simulations. Although several scholars have substantially studied the thermal evolution of organic matter, it remains a challenging and much debated issue in the studies of organic geochemistry. Volcanic events are crucial in the enrichment of organic matter, and appropriate heating accelerates the thermal evolution of organic matter. However, how strong-rock baking restricts the evolution of organic matter in shale has not been specifically studied. The South Qilian Basin in China is a typical superimposed basin where complex tectonic movements have induced multiple volcanic events, which makes it a favorable location to perform the aforementioned research. This study used the Galedesi Formation shale in the Hala Lake Depression of the South Qilian Basin as an example for investigating the constraints of the volcanic events related to the thermal evolution of organic matter by integrating the results obtained using the geochemical and petrological methods. Our results demonstrate that the lacustrine Galedesi Formation shale of the Hala Lake Depression in the Late Triassic is a typical deep-lake facies deposit with good hydrocarbon generation potential. However, because of the influence of regional tectonic evolution, the burial depth of shale is not deep and the thermal evolution of organic matter is insufficient. Due to the influence of multiple volcanic thermal events in the later stages, the thermal maturity of organic matter in the Galedesi Formation shale generally exceeds 3.0%, which is abnormally high. The apparent carbonization of organic matter can be observed via scanning electron microscopy. Rapid magma baking typically cannot effectively promote the hydrocarbon generation of shale organic matter. Finally, the burial depth of lacustrine shale of the Galedesi Formation in the Hala Lake Depression of South Qilian Basin is too shallow. Organic matter hydrocarbon generation and later shale preservation conditions are not conducive to the enrichment, accumulation, exploration, and development of shale gas.


 
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Energies, Vol. 15, Pages 3816: Energy-Model and Life Cycle-Model for Grinding Processes of Limestone Products (Energies)
Energies, Vol. 15, Pages 3820: A Critical Review of Alkaline Flooding: Mechanism, Hybrid Flooding Methods, Laboratory Work, Pilot Projects, and Field Applications (Energies)
 
 
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