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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 9654: Potential Effects on Mental Health Status Associated with Occupational Exposure to Pesticides among Thai Farmers (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

5 august 2022 11:49:03

 
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 9654: Potential Effects on Mental Health Status Associated with Occupational Exposure to Pesticides among Thai Farmers (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


Pesticide-related mental health issues in Thailand, an upper-middle-income country, are not well known. This study aimed to investigate the association between the history of occupational exposure to pesticides and the mental health of Thai farmers. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the areas around Chiang Mai, a large city in Northern Thailand, between June 2020 and January 2021. A total of 6974 farmers from six districts were interviewed to determine whether they regularly experienced symptoms related to mental health by the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) as well as their lifetime history of agricultural pesticide exposure from 31 active ingredients and five functional categories: insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, rodenticides, and molluscicides. The cut-off of 6 was used to evaluate probable mental disorder. Most of the farmers under investigation were men (53.8%), with a mean age of 55.2 (11.7) years, and were involved mainly in the planting of rice, fruit, and vegetables. About 86.7% reported having used pesticides on their crops at some point in their lives—mostly glyphosate, paraquat, 2,4-D, methomyl, and carbofuran. All functional groups, as well as pesticide classes like organochlorines, organophosphates, and carbamates, were significantly associated with a higher risk of probable mental disorder based on exposure duration, frequency, personal protective equipment usage, and hygienic behavior. In a model with multiple pesticides, there was an association between mental disorder and exposure to endosulfan (AOR = 2.27, 95%CI = 1.26–4.08) and methyl parathion (AOR = 2.26, 95%CI = 1.26–4.06). Having previously reported pesticide poisoning symptoms was related to mental disorder (AOR = 7.97, 95%CI = 5.16–12.31), the findings provided evidence of pesticide exposure posing a risk to farmers’ mental health, particularly long-term and high-intensity exposure.


 
74 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 9652: Channeled PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 Emission Factors Associated with the Ceramic Process and Abatement Technologies (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 9657: Environmental Information Disclosure, Digital Transformation, and Total Factor Productivity: Evidence from Chinese Heavy Polluting Listed Companies (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 
 
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