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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 27, Pages 5005: Chitin Isolation and Chitosan Production from House Crickets (Acheta domesticus) by Environmentally Friendly Methods (Molecules)

 
 

6 august 2022 11:44:12

 
Molecules, Vol. 27, Pages 5005: Chitin Isolation and Chitosan Production from House Crickets (Acheta domesticus) by Environmentally Friendly Methods (Molecules)
 


Alternative methods were evaluated for chitin isolation from Acheta domesticus. Chemical demineralization was compared to fermentation with Lactococcus lactis, citric acid treatment, and microwave treatment, leading to a degree of demineralization of 91.1 ± 0.3, 97.3 ± 0.8, 70.5 ± 3.5, and 85.8 ± 1.3%, respectively. Fermentation with Bacillus subtilis, a deep eutectic solvent, and enzymatic digestion were tested for chitin isolation, generating materials with less than half the chitin content when compared to alkaline deproteinization. Chitosan was produced on a large scale by deacetylation of the chitinous material obtained from two selected processes: the chemical treatment and an alternative process combining L. lactis fermentation with bromelain deproteinization. The chemical and alternative processes resulted in similar chitosan content (81.9 and 88.0%), antioxidant activity (59 and 49%), and degree of deacetylation (66.6 and 62.9%), respectively. The chitosan products had comparable physical properties. Therefore, the alternative process is appropriate to replace the chemical process of chitin isolation for industrial applications.


 
51 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
 
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