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RSS FeedsRemote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 3885: Urban Tree Classification Based on Object-Oriented Approach and Random Forest Algorithm Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Multispectral Imagery (Remote Sensing)

 
 

11 august 2022 09:52:14

 
Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 3885: Urban Tree Classification Based on Object-Oriented Approach and Random Forest Algorithm Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Multispectral Imagery (Remote Sensing)
 


Timely and accurate information on the spatial distribution of urban trees is critical for sustainable urban development, management and planning. Compared with satellite-based remote sensing, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) remote sensing has a higher spatial and temporal resolution, which provides a new method for the accurate identification of urban trees. In this study, we aim to establish an efficient and practical method for urban tree identification by combining an object-oriented approach and a random forest algorithm using UAV multispectral images. Firstly, the image was segmented by a multi-scale segmentation algorithm based on the scale determined by the Estimation of Scale Parameter 2 (ESP2) tool and visual discrimination. Secondly, spectral features, index features, texture features and geometric features were combined to form schemes S1–S8, and S9, consisting of features selected by the recursive feature elimination (RFE) method. Finally, the classification of urban trees was performed based on the nine schemes using the random forest (RF), support vector machine (SVM) and k-nearest neighbor (KNN) classifiers, respectively. The results show that the RF classifier performs better than SVM and KNN, and the RF achieves the highest accuracy in S9, with an overall accuracy (OA) of 91.89% and a Kappa coefficient (Kappa) of 0.91. This study reveals that geometric features have a negative impact on classification, and the other three types have a positive impact. The feature importance ranking map shows that spectral features are the most important type of features, followed by index features, texture features and geometric features. Most tree species have a high classification accuracy, but the accuracy of Camphor and Cinnamomum Japonicum is much lower than that of other tree species, suggesting that the features selected in this study cannot accurately distinguish these two tree species, so it is necessary to add features such as height in the future to improve the accuracy. This study illustrates that the combination of an object-oriented approach and the RF classifier based on UAV multispectral images provides an efficient and powerful method for urban tree classification.


 
76 viewsCategory: Geology, Physics
 
Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 3884: BDS/GPS Multi-Baseline Relative Positioning for Deformation Monitoring (Remote Sensing)
Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 3886: Simulating the Changes of Invasive Phragmites australis in a Pristine Wetland Complex with a Grey System Coupled System Dynamic Model: A Remote Sensing Practice (Remote Sensing)
 
 
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