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11 august 2022 14:01:23

Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 3897: An Integrated Raw Data Simulator for Airborne Spotlight ECCM SAR (Remote Sensing)

Airborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems often encounter the threats of interceptors or electronic countermeasures (ECM) and suffer from motion measurement errors. In order to design and analyze SAR systems while considering such threats and errors, an integrated raw data simulator is proposed for airborne spotlight electronic counter-countermeasure (ECCM) SAR. The raw data for reflected echo signals and jamming signals are generated in arbitrary waveform to achieve pulse diversity. The echo signals are simulated based on the scene model computed through the inverse polar reformatting of the reflectivity map. The reflectivity map is generated by applying a noise-like speckle to an arbitrary grayscale optical image. The received jamming signals are generated by the jamming model, and their powers are determined by the jamming equivalent sigma zero (JESZ), a newly proposed quantitative measure for designing ECCM SAR systems. The phase errors due to the inaccuracy of the navigation system are also considered in the design of the proposed simulator, as navigation sensor errors were added in the motion measurement process, with the results used for the motion compensation. The validity and usefulness of the proposed simulator is verified through the simulation of autofocus algorithms, SAR jamming, and SAR ECCM with pulse diversity. Various types of autofocus algorithms were performed through the proposed simulator and, as a result, the performance trends were identified to be similar to those of the real data from actual flight tests. The simulation results of the SAR jamming and SAR ECCM indicate that the proposed JESZ is well-defined measure for quantifying the power requirements of ECCM SAR and SAR jammers.

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