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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 9023: Effects of Fructose and Stress on Rat Renal Copper Metabolism and Antioxidant Enzymes Function (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

12 august 2022 13:45:52

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 9023: Effects of Fructose and Stress on Rat Renal Copper Metabolism and Antioxidant Enzymes Function (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


The effects of a fructose-rich diet and chronic stress on copper metabolism in the kidneys are still understudied. We investigated whether fructose and/or chronic unpredictable stress modulate copper metabolism in a way that affects redox homeostasis, thus contributing to progression of metabolic disturbances in the kidney. We determined protein level of copper transporters, chaperones, and cuproenzymes including cytochrome c oxidase, as well as antioxidant enzymes function in the kidneys of male Wistar rats subjected to 20% liquid fructose supplementation and/or chronic stress. Liquid fructose supplementation increased level of copper chaperone of superoxide dismutase and decreased metallothionein level, while rendering the level of copper importer and copper chaperones involved in copper delivery to mitochondria and trans Golgi network unaffected. Stress had no effect on renal copper metabolism. The activity and expression of renal antioxidant enzymes remained unaltered in all experimental groups. In conclusion, fructose, independently of stress, decreased renal copper level, and modulated renal copper metabolism as to preserve vital cellular function including mitochondrial energy production and antioxidative defense, at the expense of intracellular copper storage.


 
55 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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