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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 9017: Anesthetics and Cell–Cell Communication: Potential Ca2+-Calmodulin Role in Gap Junction Channel Gating by Heptanol, Halothane and Isoflurane (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

12 august 2022 13:45:52

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 9017: Anesthetics and Cell–Cell Communication: Potential Ca2+-Calmodulin Role in Gap Junction Channel Gating by Heptanol, Halothane and Isoflurane (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Cell–cell communication via gap junction channels is known to be inhibited by the anesthetics heptanol, halothane and isoflurane; however, despite numerous studies, the mechanism of gap junction channel gating by anesthetics is still poorly understood. In the early nineties, we reported that gating by anesthetics is strongly potentiated by caffeine and theophylline and inhibited by 4-Aminopyridine. Neither Ca2+ channel blockers nor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), forskolin, CPT-cAMP, 8Br-cGMP, adenosine, phorbol ester or H7 had significant effects on gating by anesthetics. In our publication, we concluded that neither cytosolic Ca2+i nor pHi were involved, and suggested a direct effect of anesthetics on gap junction channel proteins. However, while a direct effect cannot be excluded, based on the potentiating effect of caffeine and theophylline added to anesthetics and data published over the past three decades, we are now reconsidering our earlier interpretation and propose an alternative hypothesis that uncoupling by heptanol, halothane and isoflurane may actually result from a rise in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and consequential activation of calmodulin linked to gap junction proteins.


 
64 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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