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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 9086: Tumor Necrosis Factor-α-Induced C-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 20 Expression through TNF Receptor 1-Dependent Activation of EGFR/p38 MAPK and JNK1/2/FoxO1 or the NF-κB Pathway in Human Cardiac Fibroblasts (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

13 august 2022 13:10:34

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 9086: Tumor Necrosis Factor-α-Induced C-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 20 Expression through TNF Receptor 1-Dependent Activation of EGFR/p38 MAPK and JNK1/2/FoxO1 or the NF-κB Pathway in Human Cardiac Fibroblasts (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α is involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac injury, inflammation, and apoptosis. It is a crucial pro-inflammatory cytokine in many heart disorders, including chronic heart failure and ischemic heart disease, contributing to cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. The implication of TNF-α in inflammatory responses in the heart has been indicated to be mediated through the induction of C-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 20 (CCL20). However, the detailed mechanisms of TNF-α-induced CCL20 upregulation in human cardiac fibroblasts (HCFs) are not completely defined. We demonstrated that in HCFs, TNF-α induced CCL20 mRNA expression and promoter activity leading to an increase in the secretion of CCL20. TNF-α-mediated responses were attenuated by pretreatment with TNFR1 antibody, the inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) (AG1478), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) (p38 inhibitor VIII, p38i VIII), c-Jun amino N-terminal kinase (JNK)1/2 (SP600125), nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) (helenalin), or forkhead box O (FoxO)1 (AS1841856) and transfection with siRNA of TNFR1, EGFR, p38α, JNK2, p65, or FoxO1. Moreover, TNF-α markedly induced EGFR, p38 MAPK, JNK1/2, FoxO1, and NF-κB p65 phosphorylation which was inhibited by their respective inhibitors in these cells. In addition, TNF-α-enhanced binding of FoxO1 or p65 to the CCL20 promoter was inhibited by p38i VIII, SP600125, and AS1841856, or helenalin, respectively. Accordingly, in HCFs, our findings are the first to clarify that TNF-α-induced CCL20 secretion is mediated through a TNFR1-dependent EGFR/p38 MAPK and JNK1/2/FoxO1 or NF-κB cascade. We demonstrated that TNFR1-derived EGFR transactivation is involved in the TNF-α-induced responses in these cells. Understanding the regulation of CCL20 expression by TNF-α on HCFs may provide a potential therapeutic strategy in cardiac inflammatory disorders.


 
72 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 9078: The p53 and Calcium Regulated Actin Rearrangement in Model Cells (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 9082: Cellular Mechanisms Underlying the Cardioprotective Role of Allicin on Cardiovascular Diseases (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
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