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RSS FeedsRemote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 3940: Reliability of Gridded Precipitation Products for Water Management Studies: The Case of the Ankavia River Basin in Madagascar (Remote Sensing)


13 august 2022 14:43:06

Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 3940: Reliability of Gridded Precipitation Products for Water Management Studies: The Case of the Ankavia River Basin in Madagascar (Remote Sensing)

Hydrological modeling for water management in large watersheds requires accurate spatially-distributed rainfall time series. In case of low coverage density of ground-based measurements, gridded precipitation products (GPPs) from merged satellite-/gauge-/model-based rainfall products constitute an attractive alternative. The quality of which must, nevertheless, be verified. The objective of this study was to evaluate, at different time scales, the reliability of 6 GPPs against a 2-year record from a network of 14 rainfall gauges located in the Ankavia catchment (Madagascar). The GPPs considered in this study are the African Rainfall Estimate Climatology (ARC2), the Climate Hazards Group Infrared Precipitation with Station data (CHIRPS), the European Centre Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ECMWF Reanalysis on global land surface (ERA5-Land), the Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for Global Precipitation Measurement V06 Final (IMERG), the Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks Cloud Classification System (PERSIANN-CCS), and the African Rainfall Estimation (RFEv2) products. The results suggest that IMERG (R2 = 0.63, slope of linear regression a = 0.96, root mean square error RMSE = 12 mm/day, mean absolute error MAE = 5.5 mm/day) outperforms other GPPs at the daily scale, followed by RFEv2 (R2 = 0.41, a = 0.94, RMSE = 15 mm/day, MAE = 6 mm/day) and ARC2 (R2 = 0.30, a = 0.88, RMSE = 16 mm/day, MAE = 6.7 mm/day). All GPPs, with the exception of the ERA5, overestimate the ‘no rain’ class (0–0.2 mm/day). ARC2, IMERG, PERSIANN, and RFEv2 all underestimate rainfall occurrence in the 0.2–150 mm/day rainfall range, whilst CHIRPS and ERA5 overestimate it. Only CHIRPS and PERSIANN could estimate extreme rainfall (>150 mm/day) satisfactorily. According to the Critical Success Index (CSI) categorical statistical measure, IMERG performs quite well in detecting rain events in the range of 2–100 mm/day, whereas PERSIANN outperforms IMERG for rain events larger than 150 mm/day. Because it performs best at daily scale, only IMERG was evaluated for time scales other than daily. At the yearly and monthly time scales, the performance is good with R2 = 0.97 and 0.87, respectively. At the event time scale, the probability distribution function PDF of rain gauge values and IMERG data show good agreement. However, at an hourly time scale, the correlation between ground-based measurements and IMERG data becomes poor (R2 = 0.20). Overall, the IMERG product can be regarded as the most reliable gridded precipitation source at monthly, daily, and event time scales for hydrological applications in the study area, but the poor agreement at hourly time scale and the inability to detect extreme rainfall >100 mm/day may, nevertheless, restrict its use.

76 viewsCategory: Geology, Physics
Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 3939: Merging Multisatellite and Gauge Precipitation Based on Geographically Weighted Regression and Long Short-Term Memory Network (Remote Sensing)
Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 3941: Prediction Algorithm for Satellite Instantaneous Attitude and Image Pixel Offset Based on Synchronous Clocks (Remote Sensing)
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