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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 11237: Increased NMUR1 Expression in Mast Cells in the Synovial Membrane of Obese Osteoarthritis Patients (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

23 september 2022 18:24:01

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 11237: Increased NMUR1 Expression in Mast Cells in the Synovial Membrane of Obese Osteoarthritis Patients (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Obesity is a risk factor for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Neuromedin U (NMU) and NMU receptors (NMUR1 and NMUR2) are associated with obesity-related disorders and found in mast cells (MCs), which are elevated in osteoarthritis. However, NMU/NMUR expression was not examined in the synovial membrane (SM) or synovial MCs of obese osteoarthritis patients. We compared expression of NMU, NMUR1, NMUR2, and the mast cell (MC) marker, CPA3, in the SM of KOA patients categorized as normal weight (NW; BMI < 25 kg/m2, n = 79), overweight (OW; BMI ≥ 25 and <30 kg/m2, n = 87), and obese (OB; ≥30 kg/m2, n = 40). To study NMU/NMUR expression in MCs, we compared the MC-rich fraction (MC-RF), CD88(+) MC-RF, and CD88(−) MC-RF, extracted using magnetic isolation, with the MC-poor fraction (MC-PF). While NMU and NMUR2 expression were comparable, NMUR1 was significantly elevated in OW and OB compared to NW. Moreover, CPA3 levels were significantly greater in OB than NW. NMUR1 and CPA3 expression were significantly higher in both the CD88(+) and CD88(−) MC-RF than MC-PF. Therefore, NMUR1 expression was elevated in the SM of OB KOA patients, and its expression was found in MCs. Further investigation to analyze the NMU/NMUR1 pathway in MC may provide a link between obesity and KOA pathology.


 
48 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 11238: Compound Heterozygosis in AADC Deficiency and Its Complex Phenotype in Terms of AADC Protein Population (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
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