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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 11577: pH Gradient Liposomes Extract Protein Bound Amitriptyline in Peritoneal Dialysis—Exploratory Work (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

30 september 2022 12:41:18

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 11577: pH Gradient Liposomes Extract Protein Bound Amitriptyline in Peritoneal Dialysis—Exploratory Work (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Poisoning is a significant cause of injury-related death worldwide. Dialysis is usually ineffective in removing the toxin once it has been absorbed because of drug protein binding and high volumes of distribution. In this work, we explore whether the addition of liposomes to peritoneal dialysate could extract protein bound amitriptyline. Liposomes were prepared using the thin film hydration method. In the in vitro experiment, 3 mL of 20% albumin with a concentration of 6000 nmol/L amitriptyline in a proprietary dialysis cartridge was dialysed against 125 mL of phosphate-buffered saline with and without 80 mg 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglycerol (DOPG) liposomes. In the in vivo arm, peritoneal dialysis was undertaken in 6 rats with pH gradient liposome augmented dialysate after intravenous amitriptyline injection. Peritoneal blood flow was estimated by CO2 extraction. Total amitriptyline extracted was compared to freely dissolved (non-protein bound) and total amitriptyline perfusing the membrane during the peritoneal dwell. Mean liposome size for DOPG and acidic centre pH gradient liposomes was 119 nm and 430 nm, respectively. In the in vitro experiment, more amitriptyline was extracted into the liposome containing dialysate than the control dialysate (40 +/− 2 nmol/L vs. 27 +/− 1 nmol/L). In the in vivo experiment, the total amitriptyline in dialysate was 5240 +/− 2750 nmol. Mean total free amitriptyline perfusing the peritoneal membrane was 93 +/− 46 nmol. Mean total blood amitriptyline perfusing the peritoneal membrane was 23,920 +/− 6920 nmol. Two of the six animals were excluded due to overestimation of peritoneal blood flow. This exploratory work suggests the addition of liposome nanoparticles to peritoneal dialysate extracted protein bound amitriptyline from blood.


 
55 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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