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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 12489: Intervention Activities Associated with the Implementation of a Comprehensive School Tobacco Policy at Danish Vocational Schools: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

30 september 2022 12:55:20

 
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 12489: Intervention Activities Associated with the Implementation of a Comprehensive School Tobacco Policy at Danish Vocational Schools: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


School tobacco policies are often poorly implemented, which may explain their limited effectiveness. Further, constructs to measure implementation outcomes of school tobacco policies are missing. The Smoke-Free Vocational Schools intervention was designed to stimulate the implementation of a comprehensive school tobacco policy into routine practice. This study (1) developed implementation fidelity outcomes measures for the school tobacco policy and (2) examined associations between intervention activities and implementation fidelity at two time points. We applied a repeated cross-sectional survey study design across seven schools: the first time point was >5 months after the policy was established and the second time point > 14 months after policy establishment. The dependent/outcome variables were four binary fidelity domains as well as a total score across domains. A total of six intervention activities were measured among either students (e.g., new school-break facilities) or staff/managers (e.g., a joint workshop before policy implementation). Associations were analyzed separately for students and staff/managers using generalized linear mixed models, adjusted for confounders. A total of n = 2674 students and n = 871 staff/managers participated. The total implementation fidelity scores increased over time among both students and staff/managers. Three intervention activities were consistently associated with the total implementation fidelity score, including: new school-break facilities (BT1 = 0.08, 95% CI = 0.03;0.12; BT2 = 0.07, 95% CI = 0.04–0.50), the joint workshop before policy implementation (BT1 = 0.13, 95% CI = 0.02;0.25; BT2 = 0.13, 95% CI = 0.004;0.24), and internalization of fixed procedures for enforcement (BT1 = 0.19, 95% CI = 0.13–0.26; BT2 = 0.16, 95% CI = 0.13–0.26). These findings can be applied by schools and other actors in practice. The developed implementation fidelity outcomes measures can be applied in future research on school tobacco policies.


 
52 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 12486: Sleep Problems and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand in Persons with Thoracic Outlet Syndrome—A Cross-Sectional Study (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 12492: The Effect of Green Finance on the Ecological and Environmental Quality of the Yangtze River Economic Belt (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 
 
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