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30 september 2022 17:31:46

Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 4905: Power Pylon Reconstruction from Airborne LiDAR Data Based on Component Segmentation and Model Matching (Remote Sensing)

In recent years, with the rapid growth of State Grid digitization, it has become necessary to perform three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of power elements with high efficiency and precision to achieve full coverage when simulating important transmission lines. Limited by the performance of acquisition equipment and the environment, the actual scanned point cloud usually has problems such as noise interference and data loss, presenting a great challenge for 3D reconstruction. This study proposes a model-driven 3D reconstruction method based on Airborne LiDAR point cloud data. Firstly, power pylon redirection is realized based on the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) algorithm. Secondly, the vertical and horizontal distribution characteristics of the power pylon point cloud and the graphical characteristics of the overall two-dimensional (2D) orthographic projection are analyzed to determine segmentation positions and the key segmentation position of the power pylon. The 2D alpha shape algorithm is adopted to obtain the pylon body contour points, and then the pylon feature points are extracted and corrected. Based on feature points, the components of original pylon and model pylon are registered, and the distance between the original point cloud and the model point cloud is calculated at the same time. Finally, the model with the highest matching degree is regarded as the reconstructed model of the pylon. The main advantages of the proposed method include: (1) identifying the key segmentation position according to the graphical characteristics; (2) for some pylons with much missing data, the complete model can be accurately reconstructed. The average RMSE (Root-Mean-Square Error) of all power pylon components in this study was 15.4 cm. The experimental results reveal that the effects of power pylon structure segmentation and reconstruction are satisfactory, which provides method and model support for digital management and security analysis of transmission lines.

56 viewsCategory: Geology, Physics
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