Reducing high-calorie food and beverages consumption is a multi-dimensional challenge spanning agriculture to food marketing. Adverse health effects resulting from sugar-sweetened beverages such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease or dental carries have been described on numerous occasions. Poland is one of the countries that have introduced the sugar tax. The study aims to understand the degree of consumers’ awareness of the upcoming changes and their opinions and assessments of the efficiency of various activities. The study was based on Computer-Assisted Web Interview (CAWI). The sample comprised 500 adult consumers. Most of the respondents (69.6%) are aware that a new charge for sweetened beverages is going to be introduced, and for 78.9% of the respondents, it is important to take action aimed at reducing the consumption of sweetened beverages by consumers. Well-educated respondents as well as women perceive a greater degree of need to take specific action within the area of health policy (p-value 0.010 and 0.000 respectively). The sugar tax is considered an effective tool for limiting the purchase of sweetened products. Other types of activities within the framework of preventative healthcare that aim to reduce the consumption of sugar by society should also be developed.