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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 11657: Human RAD51 Protein Forms Amyloid-like Aggregates In Vitro (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)


1 october 2022 13:15:22

IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 11657: Human RAD51 Protein Forms Amyloid-like Aggregates In Vitro (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

RAD51 is a central protein of homologous recombination and DNA repair processes that maintains genome stability and ensures the accurate repair of double-stranded breaks (DSBs). In this work, we assessed amyloid properties of RAD51 in vitro and in the bacterial curli-dependent amyloid generator (C-DAG) system. Resistance to ionic detergents, staining with amyloid-specific dyes, polarized microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction and other methods were used to evaluate the properties and structure of RAD51 aggregates. The purified human RAD51 protein formed detergent-resistant aggregates in vitro that had an unbranched cross-β fibrillar structure, which is typical for amyloids, and were stained with amyloid-specific dyes. Congo-red-stained RAD51 aggregates demonstrated birefringence under polarized light. RAD51 fibrils produced sharp circular X-ray reflections at 4.7 Å and 10 Å, demonstrating that they had a cross-β structure. Cytoplasmic aggregates of RAD51 were observed in cell cultures overexpressing RAD51. We demonstrated that a key protein that maintains genome stability, RAD51, has amyloid properties in vitro and in the C-DAG system and discussed the possible biological relevance of this observation.

67 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
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