The imidazole ring (Im) of histidine side chains plays a unique role in the function of proteins through covalent bonding with metal ions and hydrogen bonding interactions with adjusted biomolecules and water. At biological interfaces, these interactions are modified because of the presence of an electric field. Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) with the functional Im group mimic the histidine side chain at electrified interfaces. In this study, we applied in-situ shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SHINERS) to probe the structure and hydrogen bonding of Im-functionalized SAM on smooth Au at the electrochemical interface. The self-assembly of molecules on the Au induced the proton shift from N1 atom (Tautomer-I), which is the dominant form of Im in the bulk sample, to N3 atom (Tautomer-II). The impact of electrode potential on the hydrogen bonding interaction strength of the Im ring was identified by SHINERS. Temperature-Raman measurements and density functional theory (DFT) analysis revealed the spectral marker for Im ring packing (mode near 1496–1480 cm−1) that allowed us to associate the confined and strongly hydrogen bonded interfacial Im groups with electrode polarization at −0.8 V. Reflection adsorption IR (RAIR) spectra of SAMs with and without Im revealed that the bulky ring prevented the formation of a strongly hydrogen bonded amide group network.