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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 15707: Selective Photocatalytic Transformation of Lignin to Aromatic Chemicals by Crystalline Carbon Nitride in Water–Acetonitrile Solutions (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

25 november 2022 13:59:35

 
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 15707: Selective Photocatalytic Transformation of Lignin to Aromatic Chemicals by Crystalline Carbon Nitride in Water–Acetonitrile Solutions (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


The photocatalytic conversion of lignin to aromatic compounds in aqueous solutions is a promising approach. We herein report a crystalline carbon nitride prepared by high-temperature thermal polymerization and alkali-metal molten salt treatment, which was then applied in the selective conversion of lignin to aromatic compounds. The results showed that the tri-s-tri-C3N4 presented a relatively high activity and selectivity for the conversion of lignin in aqueous solutions. In a 95% water–acetonitrile solution, it achieved a relatively high conversation rate of lignin, reaching 62.00%, and the selectivity of the C-C bond cleavage was high, at 86.8%. The characterization results obtained by TEM, UV-vis/DRS, PL, and transient photocurrent response showed that the ultra-high activity of tri-s-tri-C3N4 was mainly due to the improvements in crystallinity and light absorption. Mechanism studies showed that the dispersion of the catalyst and the combination of lignin and catalyst in aqueous solvents with different acetonitrile ratios were the main factors affecting lignin conversion. As the water content in the solutions increased, the primary active sites were converted from h+ to ·O2−. This study revealed the interactions between lignin, photocatalysts, and reaction solutions, providing a theoretical basis for the photocatalytic conversion of lignin in aqueous solutions.


 
42 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
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