Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 5980: Comparison of the WRF-FDDA-Based Radar Reflectivity and Lightning Data Assimilation for Short-Term Precipitation and Lightning Forecasts of Severe Convection (Remote Sensing)
This work evaluates and compares the performance of the radar reflectivity and lightning data assimilation schemes implemented in weather research and forecasting-four-dimensional data assimilation (WRF-FDDA) for short-term precipitation and lightning forecasts. All six mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) with a duration greater than seven hours that occurred in the Guangdong Province of China during June 2020 were included in the experiments. The results show that both the radar reflectivity data assimilation and lightning data assimilation improved the analyses and short-term forecasts of the precipitation and lightning of the MCSs. On average, for precipitation forecasts, the experiments with radar reflectivity data assimilation performed better than those with lightning data assimilation; however, for lightning forecasts, the experiments with lightning data assimilation performed better in the analysis period and 1 h forecast, and for some cases, the superiority lasted to three forecast hours. This highlights the potential of lightning data assimilation in short-term lightning forecasting.