MyJournals Home  

RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 14881: Liquid Crystalline Nanoparticles Conjugated with Dexamethasone Prevent Cisplatin Ototoxicity In Vitro (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

28 november 2022 11:01:02

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 14881: Liquid Crystalline Nanoparticles Conjugated with Dexamethasone Prevent Cisplatin Ototoxicity In Vitro (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


The conjugation of drugs with nanoparticles represents an innovative approach for controlled and targeted administration of therapeutic agents. Nanoparticle-based systems have been tested for the inner ear therapy, increasing the drug diffusion and being detected in all parts of the cochlea when locally applied near the round window. In this study, glycerol monooleate liquid crystalline NanoParticles were conjugated with Dexamethasone (NPD), a hydrophobic drug already used for inner ear treatments but defective in solubility and bioavailability. NPD has been tested in vitro in the cell line OC-k3, a model of sensory cells of the inner ear, and the therapeutic efficacy has been evaluated against cisplatin, a chemotherapeutic compound known to induce ototoxicity. After comparing the physical chemical characteristics of NPD to the equivalent naïve nanoparticles, an initial investigation was carried out into the nanoparticle’s uptake in OC-k3 cells, which takes place within a few hours of treatment without causing toxic damage up to a concentration of 50 µg/mL. The NPD delivered the dexamethasone inside the cells at a significantly increased rate compared to the equivalent free drug administration, increasing the half-life of the therapeutic compound within the cell. Concerning the co-treatment with cisplatin, the NPD significantly lowered the cisplatin cytotoxicity after 48 h of administration, preventing cell apoptosis. To confirm this result, also cell morphology, cell cycle and glucocorticoids receptor expression were investigated. In conclusion, the NPD system has thus preliminarily shown the potential to improve the therapeutic efficacy of treatments delivered in the inner ear and prevent drug-induced ototoxicity.


 
58 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 14869: The bHLH Transcription Factor OsbHLH057 Regulates Iron Homeostasis in Rice (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 14882: Fc Gamma Receptor IIIB NA1/NA2/SH Polymorphisms Are Associated with Malaria Susceptibility and Antibody Levels to P. falciparum Merozoite Antigens in Beninese Children (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
blog comments powered by Disqus


MyJournals.org
The latest issues of all your favorite science journals on one page

Username:
Password:

Register | Retrieve

Search:

Molecular Biology


Copyright © 2008 - 2023 Indigonet Services B.V.. Contact: Tim Hulsen. Read here our privacy notice.
Other websites of Indigonet Services B.V.: Nieuws Vacatures News Tweets Nachrichten