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RSS FeedsRemote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 6043: Using Relative Projection Density for Classification of Terrestrial Laser Scanning Data with Unknown Angular Resolution (Remote Sensing)

 
 

29 november 2022 12:11:34

 
Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 6043: Using Relative Projection Density for Classification of Terrestrial Laser Scanning Data with Unknown Angular Resolution (Remote Sensing)
 


Point cloud classification is a key step for three-dimensional (3D) scene analysis in terrestrial laser scanning but is commonly affected by density variation. Many density-adaptive methods are used to weaken the impact of density variation and angular resolution, which denotes the angle between two horizontally or vertically adjacent laser beams and are commonly used as known parameters in those methods. However, it is difficult to avoid the case of unknown angular resolution, which limits the generality of such methods. Focusing on these problems, we propose a density-adaptive feature extraction method, considering the case when the angular resolution is unknown. Firstly, we present a method for angular resolution estimation called neighborhood analysis of randomly picked points (NARP). In NARP, n points are randomly picked from the original data and the k nearest points of each point are searched to form the neighborhood. The angles between the beams of each picked point and its corresponding neighboring points are used to construct a histogram, and the angular resolution is calculated by finding the adjacent beams of each picked point under this histogram. Then, a grid feature called relative projection density is proposed to weaken the effect of density variation based on the estimated angular resolution. Finally, a 12-dimensional feature vector is constructed by combining relative projection density and other commonly used geometric features, and the semantic label is generated utilizing a Random Forest classifier. Five datasets with a known angular resolution are used to validate the NARP method and an urban scene with a scanning distance of up to 1 km is used to compare the relative projection density with traditional projection density. The results demonstrate that our method achieves an estimation error of less than 0.001° in most cases and is stable with respect to different types of targets and parameter settings. Compared with traditional projection density, the proposed relative projection density can improve the performance of classification, particularly for small-size objects, such as cars, poles, and scanning artifacts.


 
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Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 6044: An Enhanced Image Patch Tensor Decompostion for Infrared Small Target Detection (Remote Sensing)
Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 6049: Rethinking Design and Evaluation of 3D Point Cloud Segmentation Models (Remote Sensing)
 
 
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