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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 27, Pages 8326: Carboxymethyl Chitosan and Gelatin Hydrogel Scaffolds Incorporated with Conductive PEDOT Nanoparticles for Improved Neural Stem Cell Proliferation and Neuronal Differentiation (Molecules)

 
 

29 november 2022 13:16:01

 
Molecules, Vol. 27, Pages 8326: Carboxymethyl Chitosan and Gelatin Hydrogel Scaffolds Incorporated with Conductive PEDOT Nanoparticles for Improved Neural Stem Cell Proliferation and Neuronal Differentiation (Molecules)
 


Tissue engineering scaffolds provide biological and physiochemical cures to guide tissue recovery, and electrical signals through the electroactive materials possess tremendous potential to modulate the cell fate. In this study, a novel electroactive hydrogel scaffold was fabricated by assembling poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) nanoparticles on a carboxymethyl chitosan/gelatin (CMCS/Gel) composite hydrogel surface via in situ chemical polymerization. The chemical structure, morphology, conductivity, porosity, swelling rate, in vitro biodegradation, and mechanical properties of the prepared hydrogel samples were characterized. The adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) on conductive hydrogels were investigated. The CMCS/Gel-PEDOT hydrogels exhibited high porosity, excellent water absorption, improved thermal stability, and adequate biodegradability. Importantly, the mechanical properties of the prepared hydrogels were similar to those of brain tissue, with electrical conductivity up to (1.52 ± 0.15) × 10−3 S/cm. Compared to the CMCS/Gel hydrogel, the incorporation of PEDOT nanoparticles significantly improved the adhesion of NSCs, and supported long-term cell growth and proliferation in a three-dimensional (3D) microenvironment. In addition, under the differentiation condition, the conductive hydrogel also significantly enhanced neuronal differentiation with the up-regulation of β-tubulin III expression. These results suggest that CMCS/Gel-PEDOT hydrogels may be an attractive conductive substrate for further studies on neural tissue repair and regeneration.


 
52 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
 
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