Entropy, Vol. 24, Pages 1748: Multifractal Analysis of MODIS Aqua and Terra Satellite Time Series of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and Enhanced Vegetation Index of Sites Affected by Wildfires (Entropy)
The MODIS Aqua and Terra Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) time series acquired during nearly two decades (2000 to 2020) covering the area burned by the Camp Fire (California) in 2018 is investigated in this study by using the multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis in relation to the recovery process of vegetation after fire. In 2008, the same area was partially burned by two wildfires, the BTU Lightning Complex Fire and the Humboldt Fire. Our results indicate that all vegetation index time series are featured by six- and twelve-month modulating periodicities, with a larger spectral content at longer periods for two-fire-affected sites. Furthermore, two fires cause an increase of the persistence of the NDVI and EVI time series and an increase of the complexity, suggesting that the recovery process of vegetation dynamics of fire-affected sites is characterized by positive feedback mechanisms, driving the growth-generating phenomena, which become even more effective in those sites affected by two fires.