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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 14983: The Patatin–Like Phospholipase Domain Containing Protein 7 Regulates Macrophage Classical Activation through SIRT1/NF-κB and p38 MAPK Pathways (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

29 november 2022 15:41:46

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 14983: The Patatin–Like Phospholipase Domain Containing Protein 7 Regulates Macrophage Classical Activation through SIRT1/NF-κB and p38 MAPK Pathways (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is a bioactive lipid that modulates macrophage polarization during immune responses, inflammation, and tissue remodeling. Patatin-like phospholipase domain containing protein 7 (PNPLA7) is a lysophospholipase with a preference for LPC. However, the role of PNPLA7 in macrophage polarization as an LPC hydrolase has not been explored. In the current study, we found that PNPLA7 is highly expressed in naïve macrophages and downregulated upon lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced polarization towards the classically activated (M1) phenotype. Consistently, overexpression of PNPLA7 suppressed the expression of proinflammatory M1 marker genes, including interleukin 1β (IL-1β), IL-6, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), whereas knockdown of PNPLA7 augmented the inflammatory gene expression in LPS-challenged macrophages. PNPLA7 overexpression and knockdown increased and decreased Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) mRNA and protein levels, respectively, and affected the acetylation of the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65 subunit, a key transcription factor in M1 polarization. In addition, the levels of phosphorylated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were suppressed and enhanced by PNPLA7 overexpression and knockdown, respectively. Taken together, these findings suggest that PNPLA7 suppresses M1 polarization of LPS-challenged macrophages by modulating SIRT1/NF-κB- and p38 MAPK-dependent pathways.


 
46 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 14979: FOXG1 Contributes Adult Hippocampal Neurogenesis in Mice (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 14985: Estimating the Number of Molecules in Molecular Junctions Merely Based on the Low Bias Tunneling Conductance at Variable Temperature (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
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