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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 14999: Porous Crosslinked Zwitterionic Microparticles Based on Glycidyl Methacrylate and N-Vinylimidazole as Possible Drug Delivery Systems (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

30 november 2022 08:29:54

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 14999: Porous Crosslinked Zwitterionic Microparticles Based on Glycidyl Methacrylate and N-Vinylimidazole as Possible Drug Delivery Systems (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Crosslinked porous microparticles have received great attention as drug delivery systems lately due to their unique set of properties: the capability to form various polymer–drug combinations, low immunogenicity, patient compliance and ability to release drugs in a delayed or controlled manner. Moreover, polymers with betaine groups have shown some unique features such as antifouling, antimicrobial activity, biocompatibility and strong hydration properties. Herein, novel porous zwitterionic microparticles were prepared in two stages. The first step involves the synthesis of porous microparticles based on glycidyl methacrylate, N-vinylimidazole and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate using the suspension polymerization technique, the second step being the synthesis of zwitterionic porous microparticles by polymer–analogous reaction in presence of sodium monochloroacetate as betainization agent. Both types of microparticles were characterized structurally and morphologically by FT-IR spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, scanning electron microscopy, dynamic vapors sorption and mercury porosimetry. The tetracycline loading into crosslinked and zwitterionic microparticles was also performed, the maximum tetracycline loading capacities being 87 mg/g and 135 mg/g, respectively. The drug release mechanism, elucidated by various mathematical models, is controlled by both diffusion and swelling processes as a function of the zwitterionic and/or porous microparticle structure. Both types of microparticles presented antibacterial activity against the two reference strains used in this study: Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.


 
50 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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