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RSS FeedsEnergies, Vol. 15, Pages 9075: Aerodynamic Performance Analysis of Trailing Edge Serrations on a Wells Turbine (Energies)

 
 

30 november 2022 12:11:27

 
Energies, Vol. 15, Pages 9075: Aerodynamic Performance Analysis of Trailing Edge Serrations on a Wells Turbine (Energies)
 


The primary objective of this investigation was to explore the aerodynamic impact of adding trailing edge serrations to a Wells turbine. The baseline turbine consists of eight NACA 0015 blades. The blade chord length was 0.125 m and the span was 0.100 m. Two modified serrated blade configurations were studied: (1) full-span, and (2) partial-span covering 0.288c of the trailing edge. The numerical simulations were carried out by solving the three-dimensional, incompressible steady-state Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations using the k-ω SST turbulence model in ANSYS™ (CFX). The aerodynamic performance of the modified Wells turbine was compared to the baseline by calculating non-dimensional parameters (i.e., torque coefficient, pressure drop coefficient, and turbine efficiency). A comparison of the streamlines was performed to analyze the flow topology around the turbine blades for a flow coefficient range of 0.075 ≤ ϕ ≤ 0.275, representing an angle of attack range of 4.29° ≤ α ≤ 15.3°. The trailing edge serrations generated a substantial change in surface pressure and effectively reduced the separated flow region, thus improving efficiency in most cases. As a result, there was a modest peak efficiency increase of 1.51% and 1.22%, for the partial- and full-span trailing edge serrations, respectively.


 
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