Molecules, Vol. 27, Pages 8614: Electrochemical Sensor Based on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and N-Doped TiO2 Nanoparticles for Voltametric Simultaneous Determination of Benserazide and Levodopa (Molecules)
An electrochemical sensor for simultaneous determination of Benserazide (BEZ) and levodopa (L-dopa) was successfully developed using a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with multi-walled carbon nanotube and nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide nanoparticles (GCE/MWCNT/N-TiO2). Cyclic voltammetry and square wave voltammetry were employed to investigate the electrochemical behavior of different working electrodes and analytes. In comparison with unmodified GCE, the modified electrode exhibited better electrocatalytic activity towards BEZ and L-dopa and was efficient in providing a satisfactory separation for oxidation peaks, with a potential difference of 140 mV clearly allows the simultaneous determination of these compounds. Under the optimized conditions, linear ranges of 2.0–20.0 and 2.0–70.0 μmol L−1 were obtained for BEZ and L-dopa, respectively, with a limit of detection of 1.6 µmol L−1 for BEZ and 2.0 µmol L−1 for L-dopa. The method was applied in simultaneous determination of the analytes in pharmaceutical samples, and the accuracy was attested by comparison with HPLC-DAD as the reference method, with a relative error lower than 4.0%.