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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 27, Pages 8639: Opuntia dillenii Haw. Polysaccharide Promotes Cholesterol Efflux in THP-1-Derived Foam Cells via the PPARγ-LXRα Signaling Pathway (Molecules)

 
 

7 december 2022 06:29:17

 
Molecules, Vol. 27, Pages 8639: Opuntia dillenii Haw. Polysaccharide Promotes Cholesterol Efflux in THP-1-Derived Foam Cells via the PPARγ-LXRα Signaling Pathway (Molecules)
 


There is increasing evidence supporting a role for enhanced macrophage cholesterol efflux in ameliorating atherosclerosis. Opuntia dillenii Haw. polysaccharide (ODP-Ia), the most important functional component obtained from Opuntia dillenii Haw. stem, has anti-atherosclerosis effects. Therefore, we propose that ODP-Ia could promote cholesterol efflux via the PPARγ-LXRα signaling pathway. In this study, THP-1 foam cells derived from macrophages were treated with different concentrations of ODP-Ia, GGPP (antagonist of LXRα) and GW9662 (antagonist of PPARγ), with or without 15 nmol ODP-Ia. The total cholesterol content in the cells was measured. The mRNA of ABCA1, ABCG1, PPARγ, LXRα and their protein levels in the foam cells were detected by RT–PCR and Western blot, respectively. The results showed that ODP-Ia plays a role in significantly promoting cholesterol efflux (p < 0.05) by upregulating the expression of ABCA1, ABCG1, SR-BI, PPARγ, PPARα and LXRα. Meanwhile, PPARγ and LXRα antagonists dramatically interfered the cholesterol efflux mediated by ODP-Ia (p < 0.05) and dramatically inhibited the upregulating effect of ODP-Ia on the expression of PPARγ, LXRα, ABCA1 and ABCG1 at both protein and mRNA levels (p < 0.05). In conclusion, ODP-Ia promotes cholesterol efflux in the foam cells through activating the PPARγ-LXRα signaling pathway. This bioactivity suggested that ODP-Ia may be of benefit in treating atherosclerosis.


 
52 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
 
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