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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 2395: Construction of Biocatalysts Using the P450 Scaffold for the Synthesis of Indigo from Indole (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

25 january 2023 16:32:29

 
IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 2395: Construction of Biocatalysts Using the P450 Scaffold for the Synthesis of Indigo from Indole (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


With the increasing demand for blue dyes, it is of vital importance to develop a green and efficient biocatalyst to produce indigo. This study constructed a hydrogen peroxide-dependent catalytic system for the direct conversion of indole to indigo using P450BM3 with the assistance of dual-functional small molecules (DFSM). The arrangements of amino acids at 78, 87, and 268 positions influenced the catalytic activity. F87G/T268V mutant gave the highest catalytic activity with kcat of 1402 min−1 and with a yield of 73%. F87A/T268V mutant was found to produce the indigo product with chemoselectivity as high as 80%. Moreover, F87G/T268A mutant was found to efficiently catalyze indole oxidation with higher activity (kcat/Km = 1388 mM−1 min−1) than other enzymes, such as the NADPH-dependent P450BM3 (2.4-fold), the Ngb (32-fold) and the Mb (117-fold). Computer simulation results indicate that the arrangements of amino acid residues in the active site can significantly affect the catalytic activity of the protein. The DFSM-facilitated P450BM3 peroxygenase system provides an alternative, simple approach for a key step in the bioproduction of indigo.


 
37 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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