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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 2396: MRL/MpJ Mice Resist to Age-Related and Long-Term Ovariectomy-Induced Bone Loss: Implications for Bone Regeneration and Repair (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

25 january 2023 16:45:51

 
IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 2396: MRL/MpJ Mice Resist to Age-Related and Long-Term Ovariectomy-Induced Bone Loss: Implications for Bone Regeneration and Repair (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Osteoporosis and age-related bone loss increase bone fracture risk and impair bone healing. The need for identifying new factors to prevent or treat bone loss is critical. Previously, we reported that young MRL/MpJ mice have superior bone microarchitecture and biomechanical properties as compared to wild-type (WT) mice. In this study, MRL/MpJ mice were tested for resistance to age-related and long-term ovariectomy-induced bone loss to uncover potential beneficial factors for bone regeneration and repair. Bone tissues collected from 14-month-old MRL/MpJ and C57BL/6J (WT) mice were analyzed using micro-CT, histology, and immunohistochemistry, and serum protein markers were characterized using ELISAs or multiplex assays. Furthermore, 4-month-old MRL/MpJ and WT mice were subjected to ovariectomy (OV) or sham surgery and bone loss was monitored continuously using micro-CT at 1, 2, 4, and 6 months (M) after surgery with histology and immunohistochemistry performed at 6 M post-surgery. Sera were collected for biomarker detection using ELISA and multiplex assays at 6 M after surgery. Our results indicated that MRL/MpJ mice maintained better bone microarchitecture and higher bone mass than WT mice during aging and long-term ovariectomy. This resistance of bone loss observed in MRL/MpJ mice correlated with the maintenance of higher OSX+ osteoprogenitor cell pools, higher activation of the pSMAD5 signaling pathway, more PCNA+ cells, and a lower number of osteoclasts. Systemically, lower serum RANKL and DKK1 with higher serum IGF1 and OPG in MRL/MpJ mice relative to WT mice may also contribute to the maintenance of higher bone microarchitecture during aging and less severe bone loss after long-term ovariectomy. These findings may be used to develop therapeutic approaches to maintain bone mass and improve bone regeneration and repair due to injury, disease, and aging.


 
38 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 2395: Construction of Biocatalysts Using the P450 Scaffold for the Synthesis of Indigo from Indole (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
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