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RSS FeedsRemote Sensing, Vol. 15, Pages 738: Negative Air Ion (NAI) Dynamics over Zhejiang Province, China, Based on Multivariate Remote Sensing Products (Remote Sensing)


27 january 2023 11:51:13

Remote Sensing, Vol. 15, Pages 738: Negative Air Ion (NAI) Dynamics over Zhejiang Province, China, Based on Multivariate Remote Sensing Products (Remote Sensing)

Negative air ions (NAIs), which are known as the “air vitamin”, have been widely used as a measure of air cleanness. Field observation provides an alternative way to record site-level NAIs. However, these observations fail to capture the regional distribution of NAIs due to the limited number of sites. In this study, satellite-based bio-geophysical parameters from the climate, topography, air quality, vegetation, and anthropogenic intensity were used to estimate the daily NAIs with the Random Forest model (RF). In situ NAI observations over Zhejiang Province, China were incorporated into the model. Daily NAIs were averaged to capture the spatio-temporal distribution. The results showed that (1) the RF algorithm performed better than traditional regression analysis and the common BP neural network to generate regional NAIs at a spatial scale of 500 m over the larger scale, with an RMSE of 258.62, R2 of 0.878 for model training, and R2 of 0.732 for model testing; (2) in the variable importance measures (VIM) analysis, 87.96% of the NAI variance was caused by the elevation, aspect, slope, surface temperature, solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF), relative humidity (RH), and the concentration of carbon monoxide (CO), while path analysis indicated that SIF was one of the most important factors affecting NAI concentration across the whole region; (3) NAI concentrations in 87.16% of the region were classified above grade III (>500 ions cm−3), which was able to meet the needs of human health maintenance; (4) the highest NAI concentration was distributed over the southwest of the Zhejiang Province, where forest land dominates. The lowest NAI concentration was mostly found in the northeast regions, where urban areas are well-developed; and (5) among different land types, the NAI concentrations were ranked as forest land > water bodies > barren > grassland > croplands > urban and built-up. Among different seasons, summer and winter have the highest and lowest NAIs, respectively. Our study provided a substantial reference for ecosystem services assessment in Zhejiang Province.

51 viewsCategory: Geology, Physics
Remote Sensing, Vol. 15, Pages 735: Dominant Contribution of South Asia Monsoon to External Moisture for Extreme Precipitation Events in Northern Tibetan Plateau (Remote Sensing)
Remote Sensing, Vol. 15, Pages 739: Intercomparison of NO3 under Humid Conditions with Open-Path and Extractive IBBCEAS in an Atmospheric Reaction Chamber (Remote Sensing)
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