Ship noise observation is of great significance to marine environment research and national defense security. Acoustic stealth technology makes a variety of ship noise significantly reduced, which is a new challenge for marine noise monitoring. However, there are few high spatial gain detection methods for low-noise ship monitoring. Therefore, a high Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) MEMS noise listener for ship noise detection is developed in this paper. The listener achieves considerable gain by suppressing isotropic noise in the ocean. The working principle and posterior end signal processing method of the listener are introduced in detail. A gain of 10 dB over the sound pressure detector is obtained by detecting the standard sound source. In addition, the traffic vessel noise monitoring experiment verifies that the listener can detect the ship noise. The results show that the listener has a very broad application prospect in the field of low-noise ship observation.