Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) is a subtype of renal cell carcinoma that threatens human health. The mechanism by which the trophinin-associated protein (TROAP)–an important oncogenic factor–functions in KIRC has not been studied. This study investigated the specific mechanism by which TROAP functions in KIRC. TROAP expression in KIRC was analyzed using the RNAseq dataset from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) online database. The Mann–Whitney U test was used to analyze the expression of this gene from clinical data. The Kaplan–Meier method was used for the survival analysis of KIRC. The expression level of TROAP mRNA in the cells was detected using qRT-PCR. The proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and cell cycle of KIRC were detected using Celigo, MTT, wound healing, cell invasion assay, and flow cytometry. A mouse subcutaneous xenograft experiment was designed to demonstrate the effect of TROAP expression on KIRC growth in vivo. To further investigate the regulatory mechanism of TROAP, we performed co-immunoprecipitation (CO-IP) and shotgun liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS). TCGA-related bioinformatics analysis showed that TROAP was significantly overexpressed in KIRC tissues and was related to higher T and pathological stages, and a poor prognosis. The inhibition of TROAP expression significantly reduced the proliferation of KIRC, affected the cell cycle, promoted cell apoptosis, and reduced cell migration and invasion. The subcutaneous xenograft experiments showed that the size and weight of the tumors in mice were significantly reduced after TROAP-knockdown. CO-IP and post-mass spectrometry bioinformatics analyses revealed that TROAP may combine with signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) to achieve tumor progression in KIRC; this was verified by functional recovery experiments. TROAP may regulate KIRC proliferation, migration, and metastasis by binding to STAT3.