The stator main insulation is the key component of turbo-generator, which is related to the thermal aging of turbo-generator. It is vital to accurately judge the generator aging by calculating the temperature distribution under main insulation normal operation and fault operation. In this paper, taking a 150 MW air-cooled turbo-generator as an example, the temperature field of the main insulation was studied after the stator main insulation shelling. Based on the finite element method, the stator temperature field after the main insulation shelling was calculated. The main insulation position of maximum temperature drop and the temperature distribution of the stator main insulation along the circumference and the axial direction were analyzed. At the same time, with the shelling gap of main insulation increases, the temperature distribution between shelling gap δ = 0.5 mm and δ = 1.0 mm was compared. The results can provide a theory for fault monitoring and diagnostics of the large-scale turbine generator.