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RSS FeedsSensors, Vol. 18, Pages 3429: Discrimination of Malus Taxa with Different Scent Intensities Using Electronic Nose and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (Sensors)

 
 

13 october 2018 20:01:18

 
Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 3429: Discrimination of Malus Taxa with Different Scent Intensities Using Electronic Nose and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (Sensors)
 




Floral scent is important in plant reproduction and also has aesthetic implications. However, the accurate determination of aroma is presently limited by the available collection and analysis tools. In this study, the floral scents of four crabapple taxa exhibiting faint, weak, clear, and strong scent intensities were comparatively analyzed by electronic nose (E-nose) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The E-nose was able to effectively group the different taxa in the principal component analysis in correspondence with scent intensity. GC–MS analysis identified a total of 60 volatile compounds. The content of nitrogen-containing compounds and aliphatics and the number of unique components of the more aromatic taxa was significantly higher than the less aromatic taxa. α-Cedrene, β-cedrene, 5-methyl-1,3-dihydro-2H-benzimidazol-2-one, benzyl alcohol, linalool, and 4-pyrrolidinopyridine contributed significantly to taxon separation. The pattern recognition results confirmed that the E-nose results corroborated the GC–MS results. Furthermore, partial least squares regression analysis between the aromatic constituents and sensors indicated that particular sensors were highly sensitive to N-containing compounds, aliphatics, and terpenes. In conclusion, the E-nose is capable of discriminating crabapple taxa of different scent intensities in both a qualitative and quantitative respect, presenting a rapid and accurate reference approach for future applications.


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18 viewsCategory: Chemistry, Physics
 
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