MyJournals Home  

RSS FeedsThe small GTPase RAB28 is required for phagocytosis of cone outer segments by the murine retinal pigmented epithelium [Membrane Biology] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)

 
 

11 november 2018 02:00:14

 
The small GTPase RAB28 is required for phagocytosis of cone outer segments by the murine retinal pigmented epithelium [Membrane Biology] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)
 




RAB28, a member of the RAS oncogene family, is a ubiquitous, farnesylated, small GTPase of unknown function present in photoreceptors and the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE). Nonsense mutations of the human RAB28 gene cause recessive cone-rod dystrophy 18 (CRD18), characterized by macular hyperpigmentation, progressive loss of visual acuity, RPE atrophy, and severely attenuated cone and rod electroretinography (ERG) responses. In an attempt to elucidate the disease-causing mechanism, we generated Rab28-/- mice by deleting exon 3 and truncating RAB28 after exon 2. We found that Rab28-/- mice recapitulate features of the human dystrophy (i.e. they exhibited reduced cone and rod ERG responses and progressive retina degeneration). Cones of Rab28-/- mice extended their outer segments (OSs) to the RPE apical processes and formed enlarged, balloon-like distal tips before undergoing degeneration. The visual pigment content of WT and Rab28-/- cones was comparable before the onset of degeneration. Cone phagosomes were almost absent in Rab28-/- mice, whereas rod phagosomes displayed normal levels. A protein-protein interaction screen identified several RAB28-interacting proteins, including the prenyl-binding protein phosphodiesterase 6 ?-subunit (PDE6D) and voltage-gated potassium channel subfamily J member 13 (KCNJ13) present in the RPE apical processes. Of note, the loss of PDE6D prevented delivery of RAB28 to OSs. Taken together, these findings reveal that RAB28 is required for shedding and phagocytosis of cone OS discs.


Del.icio.us Digg Facebook Google StumbleUpon Twitter
 
44 viewsCategory: Biochemistry
 
Functional and structural characterization of the chikungunya virus translational recoding signals [RNA] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)
The labile interactions of cyclic electron flow effector proteins [Membrane Biology] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)
 
 
blog comments powered by Disqus


MyJournals.org
The latest issues of all your favorite science journals on one page

Username:
Password:

Register | Retrieve

Search:

Biochemistry

Use these buttons to bookmark us:
Del.icio.us Digg Facebook Google StumbleUpon Twitter


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional
Copyright © 2008 - 2018 Indigonet Services B.V.. Contact: Tim Hulsen. Read here our privacy notice.
Other websites of Indigonet Services B.V.: Nieuws Vacatures News Tweets Travel Photos Nachrichten Indigonet Finances Leer Mandarijn