IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 2784: Spatiotemporal Variation and Hot Spot Detection of Visceral Leishmaniasis Disease in Kashi Prefecture, China (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) remains a serious public health problem in China. To explore the temporal, spatial, and spatiotemporal characteristics of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), the spatial and spatiotemporal clustering distribution and their relationships with the surrounding geographic environmental factors were analyzed. In this study, the average nearest-neighbor distance (ANN), Ripley’s K-function and Moran’s I statistics were used to evaluate spatial autocorrelation in the VL distribution of the existing case patterns. Getis–Ord Gi* was used to identify the hot-spot and cold-spot areas based on Geographic Information System (GIS), and spatiotemporal retrospective permutation scan statistics was used to detect the spatiotemporal clusters. The results indicated that VL continues to be a serious public health problem in Kashi Prefecture, China, particularly in the north-central region of Jiashi County, which is a relatively high-risk area in which hot spots are distributed. Autumn and winter months were the outbreak season for VL cases. The detection of spatial and spatiotemporal patterns can provide epidemiologists and local governments with significant information for prevention measures and control strategies.