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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1364: Maternal Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution and Birth Outcomes (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

16 april 2019 14:01:56

 
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1364: Maternal Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution and Birth Outcomes (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 




There is a growing body of research on the association between ambient air pollution and adverse birth outcomes. However, people in high income countries spend most of their time indoors. Pregnant women spend much of that time at home. The aim of this study was to investigate if indoor air pollutants were associated with poor birth outcomes. Pregnant women were recruited prior to 18 weeks gestation. They completed a housing questionnaire and household chemical use survey. Indoor pollutants, formaldehyde (HCHO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), were monitored in the women’s homes at 34 weeks gestation. Gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW) and length (BL) and head circumference (HC) were collected from birth records. The associations between measured pollutants, and pollution surrogates, were analysed using general linear models, controlling for maternal age, parity, maternal health, and season of birth. Only HCHO was associated with any of the birth outcomes. There was a 0.044 decrease in BW z-score (p = 0.033) and 0.05 decrease in HC z-score (p = 0.06) for each unit increase in HCHO. Although HCHO concentrations were very low, this finding is consistent with other studies of formaldehyde and poor birth outcomes.


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57 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1365: Effects of Socio-Environmental Factors on Malaria Infection in Pakistan: A Bayesian Spatial Analysis (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1363: Investigation into Micropollutant Removal from Wastewaters by a Membrane Bioreactor (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 
 
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