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21 april 2019 11:00:14

 
Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 1896: Potential Application of h-BNC Structures in SERS and SEHRS Spectroscopies: A Theoretical Perspective (Sensors)
 




In this work, the electronic and optical properties of hybrid boron-nitrogen-carbon structures (h-BNCs) with embedded graphene nanodisks are investigated. Their molecular affinity is explored using pyridine as model system and comparing the results with the corresponding isolated graphene nanodisks. Time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) analysis of the electronic excited states was performed in the complexes in order to characterize possible surface and charge transfer resonances in the UV region. Static and dynamic (hyper)polarizabilities were calculated with coupled-perturbed Kohn-Sham theory (CPKS) and the linear and nonlinear optical responses of the complexes were analyzed in detail using laser excitation wavelengths available for (Hyper)Raman experiments and near-to-resonance excitation wavelengths. Enhancement factors around 103 and 108 were found for the polarizability and first order hyperpolarizability, respectively. The quantum chemical simulations performed in this work point out that nanographenes embedded within hybrid h-BNC structures may serve as good platforms for enhancing the (Hyper)Raman activity of organic molecules immobilized on their surfaces and for being employed as substrates in surface enhanced (Hyper)Raman scattering (SERS and SEHRS). Besides the better selectivity and improved signal-to-noise ratio of pristine graphene with respect to metallic surfaces, the confinement of the optical response in these hybrid h-BNC systems leads to strong localized surface resonances in the UV region. Matching these resonances with laser excitation wavelengths would solve the problem of the small enhancement factors reported in Raman experiments using pristine graphene. This may be achieved by tuning the size/shape of the embedded nanographene structure.


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44 viewsCategory: Chemistry, Physics
 
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