Remote Sensing, Vol. 11, Pages 1177: The Radiance Differences between Wavelength and Wavenumber Spaces in Convolving Hyperspectral Infrared Sounder Spectrum to Broadband for Intercomparison (Remote Sensing)
Converting the hyperspectral infrared (IR) sounder radiance spectrum to broadband is a common approach for intercomparison/calibration. Usually the convolution is performed in wavenumber space. However, numerical experiments presented here indicate that there are brightness temperature (BT) differences between wavelength and wavenumber spaces in convolving hyperspectral IR sounder spectrum to broadband. The magnitudes of differences are related to the spectral region and the width of the spectral response functions (SRFs). In addition, the central wavelength and central wavenumber should be determined separately in wavelength and wavenumber spaces, respectively; they cannot be converted to each other directly for broadband BT calculations. There exist BT differences (BTDs) between interpolating the resolution of SRF to hyperspectral IR sounder spectrum, and vice versa, for convolution. This study provides clarity on convolution, central wavelength/wavenumber determination, and spectral resolution matching between broadband SRFs and hyperspectral IR sounder radiances for intercomparison/calibration.