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RSS FeedsRemote Sensing, Vol. 11, Pages 209: Algorithms for Doppler Spectral Density Data Quality Control and Merging for the Ka-Band Solid-State Transmitter Cloud Radar (Remote Sensing)

 
 

21 january 2019 16:00:04

 
Remote Sensing, Vol. 11, Pages 209: Algorithms for Doppler Spectral Density Data Quality Control and Merging for the Ka-Band Solid-State Transmitter Cloud Radar (Remote Sensing)
 




The Chinese Ka-band solid-state transmitter cloud radar (CR) can operate in three different work modes with different pulse widths and coherent integration and non-coherent integration numbers to meet the requirement for long-term cloud measurements. The CR was used to observe cloud and precipitation data in southern China in 2016. In order to resolve the data quality problems caused by coherent integration and pulse compression, which are used to detect weak cloud in the cloud radar, this study focuses on analyzing the consistencies of reflectivity spectra using the three modes and the influence of coherent integration and pulse compression, developing an algorithm for Doppler spectral density data quality control (QC) and merging based on multiple-mode observation data. After dealiasing Doppler velocity and artefact removal, the three types of Doppler spectral density data were merged. Then, Doppler moments such as reflectivity, radial velocity, and spectral width were recalculated from the merged reflectivity spectra. Performance of the merging algorithm was evaluated. Three conclusions were drawn. Firstly, four rounds of coherent integration with a pulse repetition frequency (PRF) of 8333 Hz underestimated the reflectivity spectra for Doppler velocities exceeding 2 m·s−1, causing a large negative bias in the reflectivity and radial velocity when large drops were present. In contrast, two rounds of coherent integration affected the reflectivity spectra to a lesser extent. The reflectivity spectra were underestimated for low signal-to-noise ratios in the low-sensitivity mode. Secondly, pulse compression improved the radar sensitivity and air vertical speed observation, whereas the precipitation mode and coherent integration led to an underestimation of the number concentration of big raindrops and an overestimation of the number concentration of small drops. Thirdly, a comparison of the individual spectra with the merged reflectivity spectra showed that the Doppler moments filled in the gaps in the individual spectra during weak cloud periods, reduced the effects of coherent integration and pulse compression in liquid precipitation, mitigated the aliasing of Doppler velocity, and removed the artefacts, yielding a comprehensive and accurate depiction of most of the clouds and precipitation in the vertical column above the radar. The recalculated moments of the Doppler spectra had better quality than those merged from raw data.


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42 viewsCategory: Geology, Physics
 
Remote Sensing, Vol. 11, Pages 196: Evaluation of Different Machine Learning Methods and Deep-Learning Convolutional Neural Networks for Landslide Detection (Remote Sensing)
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