For the research and development of sensor systems, the collection and fusion of sensing data is the core. In order to make sensor data acquisition change with the change in environment, a dynamic data acquisition and fusion method based on feedback control is proposed in this paper. According to the sensing data acquisition and fusion model, the optimal acquisition of sensor data is achieved through real-time dynamic judgment of the collected data, decision-making of the next acquisition time interval, and adjustment. This model enables the sensor system to adapt to different environments. An experimental study of the proposed model was carried out on an experimental platform, and the results show that the proposed model can not only reflect the change in sensing data but also improve the transmission efficiency.