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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 5846: Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Cooperates in Silica Nanoparticles-Induced Macrophage Apoptosis via Activation of CHOP-Mediated Apoptotic Signaling Pathway (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

21 november 2019 15:00:31

 
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 5846: Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Cooperates in Silica Nanoparticles-Induced Macrophage Apoptosis via Activation of CHOP-Mediated Apoptotic Signaling Pathway (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


While silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) have wide applications, they inevitably increase atmospheric particulate matter and human exposure to this nanomaterial. Numerous studies have focused on how to disclose SiNP toxicity and on understanding its toxic mechanisms. However, there are few studies in the literature reporting the interaction between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and SiNP exposure, and the corresponding detailed mechanisms have not been clearly determined. In this study, CCK-8 and flow cytometry assays demonstrated that SiNPs gradually decreased cell viability and increased cell apoptosis in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells in dose- and time-dependent manners. Western blot analysis showed that SiNPs significantly activated ER stress by upregulating GRP78, CHOP, and ERO1α expression. Meanwhile, western blot analysis also showed that SiNPs activated the mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway by upregulating BAD and Caspase-3, and downregulating the BCL-2/BAX ratio. Moreover, 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA), an ER stress inhibitor, significantly decreased GRP78, CHOP, and ERO1α expression, and inhibited cell apoptosis in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Furthermore, overexpression of CHOP significantly enhanced cell apoptosis, while knockdown of CHOP significantly protected RAW 264.7 macrophage cells from apoptosis induced by SiNPs. We found that the CHOP-ERO1α-caspase-dependent apoptotic signaling pathway was activated by upregulating the downstream target protein ERO1α and caspase-dependent mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway by upregulating Caspase-3 and downregulating the ratio of BCL-2/BAX. In description, ER stress participated in cell apoptosis induced by SiNPs and CHOP regulated SiNP-induced cell apoptosis, at least partly, via activation of the CHOP-ERO1α-caspase apoptotic signaling pathway in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells.


 
46 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 5847: Cellular Processes Involved in Jurkat Cells Exposed to Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Field (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 5845: The Expression of BNP, ET-1, and TGF-?1 in Myocardium of Rats with Ventricular Arrhythmias (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
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