Based on the theory of paradox cognition, a relationship model among paradox cognition, industrial green production, and enterprise performance has been constructed, which mainly focuses on a study on whether the paradox cognition can have positive influences on the green production behavior of industrial enterprises, and then further promote the improvement of enterprises’ economic benefits. The author wrote this thesis on the basis of results obtained from 305 sample surveys and verified the direct and indirect influence relationships among variables in the model with structural equation path coefficient and mediation effect. The empirical results show that: firstly, paradox cognition has a positive and significant impact on the industrial green production behavior. The higher the level of paradox cognition, the more likely the enterprises are to implement the industrial green production behavior. Secondly, paradox cognition can improve the potential performance of enterprises by affecting "green product provision", "green production management", and "green production technology", and then indirectly improve the financial performance of enterprises.