MyJournals Home  

RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2452: Is There a Need for Alcohol Policy to Mitigate Metal Contamination in Unrecorded Fruit Spirits? (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

3 april 2020 18:02:38

 
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2452: Is There a Need for Alcohol Policy to Mitigate Metal Contamination in Unrecorded Fruit Spirits? (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


Unrecorded alcohol comprises all types of alcohol that is not registered in the jurisdiction where it is consumed. In some countries in Central and Eastern Europe as well as the Balkans, the majority of unrecorded alcohol consumption may derive from the home production of fruit spirits. Some studies found a high prevalence of lead and cadmium in such spirits. This article provides a quantitative comparative risk assessment using the margin of exposure (MOE) methodology for lead and cadmium, compared to ethanol, for unrecorded fruit spirits. For average concentration levels, the lowest MOE (0.8) was calculated for ethanol (alcohol itself). For lead, the MOE was 13 for moderate daily drinking and 0.9 for the worst-case scenario. For cadmium, the MOE was 1982 for moderate daily drinking and 113 for the worst-case scenario. The results of this study are consistent with previous comparative risk assessments stating that ethanol itself comprises by far the highest risk of all compounds in alcoholic beverages. Regarding metal contaminants, the risk of cadmium appears negligible; however, lead may pose an additional health risk in heavy drinking circumstances. Strategies to avoid metal contamination in the artisanal home production of spirits need to be developed.


 
31 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2453: Impact of Climate Variability and Abundance of Mosquitoes on Dengue Transmission in Central Vietnam (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2451: The Prevalence and Context of Alcohol Use, Problem Drinking and Alcohol-Related Harm among Youth Living in the Slums of Kampala, Uganda (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 
 
blog comments powered by Disqus


MyJournals.org
The latest issues of all your favorite science journals on one page

Username:
Password:

Register | Retrieve

Search:

Toxicology


Copyright © 2008 - 2020 Indigonet Services B.V.. Contact: Tim Hulsen. Read here our privacy notice.
Other websites of Indigonet Services B.V.: Nieuws Vacatures News Tweets Nachrichten