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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 22, Pages 11341: Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide Overexpression in INS-1E Cells Influences Amylin Oligomerization under ER Stress and Oxidative Stress (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

20 october 2021 15:10:05

 
IJMS, Vol. 22, Pages 11341: Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide Overexpression in INS-1E Cells Influences Amylin Oligomerization under ER Stress and Oxidative Stress (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Human amylin or islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) is synthesized in the pancreatic β-cells and has been shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in vitro and in vivo. This study compared amylin oligomerization/expression and signal transduction under endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and oxidative stress. pCMV-hIAPP-overexpressing INS-1E cells presented different patterns of amylin oligomerization/expression under ER stress and oxidative stress. Amylin oligomerization/expression under ER stress showed three amylin oligomers of less than 15 kDa size in pCMV-hIAPP-overexpressing cells, while one band was detected under oxidative stress. Under ER stress conditions, HIF1α, p-ERK, CHOP, Cu/Zn-SOD, and Bax were significantly increased in pCMV-hIAPP-overexpressing cells compared to the pCMV-Entry-expressing cells (control), whereas p-Akt, p-mTOR, Mn-SOD, catalase, and Bcl-2 were significantly decreased. Under oxidative stress conditions, HIF1α, p-ERK, CHOP, Mn-SOD, catalase, and Bcl-2 were significantly reduced in pCMV-hIAPP-overexpressing cells compared to the control, whereas p-mTOR, Cu/Zn-SOD, and Bax were significantly increased. In mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), the mitochondrial complex I and complex IV were significantly decreased under ER stress conditions and significantly increased under oxidative stress conditions in pCMV-hIAPP-overexpressing cells compared to the control. The present study results demonstrate that amylin undergoes oligomerization under ER stress in pCMV-hIAPP-overexpressing cells. In addition, human amylin overexpression under ER stress in the pancreatic β cells may enhance amylin protein aggregation, resulting in β-cell dysfunction.


 
51 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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